Gingivitis and periodontal disease, more commonly referred to as gum disease, are infections that can affect the tissue and bones that surround and support the teeth. Patients with gingivitis typically experience bleeding gums when they brush their teeth, but typically do not experience pain. Periodontal disease is the more serious of the two. It can cause the gums to recede, creating pockets where bacteria can grow. Sometimes periodontal disease can even cause the teeth to loosen and fall out.
As with all medical conditions, the best way to treat gum disease is to avoid it in the first place. The bacteria in plaque, if left on the teeth, can create toxins that irritate and break down the gums. Plaque that is not removed can eventually spread below the gums and damage the teeth.
Fortunately, there are treatments for those who already have gum disease. Root planing and scaling are effective ways to treatgum disease. The process not only cleans the gums, but also reaches down to the roots of the teeth, removing any bacteria that may be growing there.
Root planing and scaling typically does not cause undue comfort, but some doctors may use anesthesia as a precautionary measure. He or she may also use two types of cleaners: an ultrasonic cleaner or a standard scraper. The ultrasonic cleaner is typically less painful, but my not be required for your specific procedure.
Regardless of the type of cleaner your doctor uses, the procedure will reach down into your roots and remove any mineral deposits, commonly called tartar, that are present there. The doctor may implant antibiotic fibers in your gums for a week in order to prevent bacteria from growing in the area again and to speed the healing process.
Once the procedure is complete you must take proper care of your teeth. You must floss and brush regularly or the condition may return again. Avoid products such as chewing tobacco, which can make you more susceptible to gum disease. There are some risks to root planing and scaling, so please talk with a dental professional at Annapolis Family Dental Care to determine if this procedure is right for you.
If you have any questions about root planing and scaling at Annapolis Family Dental Care, or if you wish to schedule an appointment, please contact Annapolis Family Dental Care by calling (410) 267-0766 or visit AnnapolisDentalCare.com today! Our diligent knowledge of all dental treatments and extensive experience in all fields of dentistry, ensure Annapolis Dental is best suited to care for your oral health. You can also follow Annapolis Dental Care on Facebook, Twitter, and Google+.